Indonesia Surf Trip Destinations
Indonesia's variations in culture have been shaped--although not specifically determined--by centuries of complex interactions with the physical environment. Although Indonesians are now less vulnerable to the vicissitudes of nature as a result of improved technology and social programs, to some extent their social diversity has emerged from traditionally different patterns of adjustment to their physical circumstances.
Indonesia Geography: is a huge archipelagic country extending 5,120 kilometers from east to west and 1,760 kilometers from north to south. It encompasses 13,667 islands (some sources say as many as 18,000), only 6,000 of which are inhabited. There are five main islands (Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya), two major archipelagos (Nusa Tenggara and the Maluku Islands), and sixty smaller archipelagos. Two of the islands are shared with other nations; Kalimantan (known in the colonial period as Borneo, the world's third largest island) is shared with Malaysia and Brunei, and Irian Jaya shares the island of New Guinea with Papua New Guinea. Indonesia's total land area is 1,919,317 square kilometers. Included in Indonesia's total territory is another 93,000 square kilometers of inlands seas (straits, bays, and other bodies of water).
Indoneisa Climate: The main variable of Indonesia's climate is not temperature or air pressure, but rainfall. The almost uniformly warm waters that make up 81 percent of Indonesia's area ensure that temperatures on land remain fairly constant. Split by the equator, the archipelago is almost entirely tropical in climate, with the coastal plains averaging 28°C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26°C, and the higher mountain regions, 23°C. The area's relative humidity ranges between 70 and 90 percent. Winds are moderate and generally predictable, with monsoons usually blowing in from the south and east in June through September and from the northwest in December through March.
Map of Indonesia:
Click On HiRes Indonesia Map to enlarge
10 Things You Didn't know about Indonesia:
1) Indonesia is home to 35cm miniature deer.
2) Indonesia is home to fish that climb trees to catch insects.
3) Indonesia is home to spiders that catch and devour small birds in giant webs.
4) Ape-man... Java is one of the earliest places in the world where ape-man lived. The skull of an ape-man who lived at a time when most of Europe was under ice was discovered here.
5) Population... Indonesia has the fifth largest population in the world(+-180million) which equals the combined population of all other South East Asian countries.
6) Indonesia An ethnological goldmine...the variety of ethnic groups is unparalled anywhere else in the world (316 ethnic groups).
7) Indonesia Volcanoes... Indonesia sprawls through a part of the western pacific known as the "Ring of Fire". With over 400 active volcanoes, there are over 3 earthquakes per day.
8) Size... Indonesia has a total of 5million km2. One million more than the USA, although only 2 million km2 are land.
9) Indonesia Islands ...Three of the ten largest islands in the world are found here.
10) Climate...Wet season is Nov - March and hot season May to October.
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